How To Extract and Unzip tar.gz Files for Linux & Windows

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Any remotely modern version of tar should auto-detect that the archive is gzipped, and add “z” for you. The command extracts files to a new directory called example1, which is located in the current directory. You can also add the verbose output option (-v) to provide detailed listings, including dates, securities/permissions, and more. Otherwise, keep reading to learn how to unzip .tar.gz files in Linux, macOS, and Windows.

  1. Whether you prefer command-line tools or graphical file archivers, the extraction process is pretty simple.
  2. For more information and to schedule a live demo, contact a hosting expert from Kinsta today.
  3. You also need to use the -z option to tell tar that the archive is compressed with gzip, and the -f option to specify the file name.
  4. The most common and widely supported method is to use the tar command, which can handle various compression formats, including gzip.
  5. A “.tar” file is a collection of files compressed into a single file or archive.

This error usually occurs when a .tar has been saved as a .gz despite having never been compressed using the gzip utility. It may sound like a silly mistake, but it’s surprisingly common in situations where users directly rename files and their extensions (such as .tar and .gz) in the process. Unlike Windows’ convenient graphical user interface (GUI) for unzipping .zip files, you’ll need to use the tar utility through the command line. However, there are also many third-party tools you can install for a more user-friendly experience. From videos to entire software packages, many files are compressed and stored using the .tar.gz format. While extracting a .tar.gz file isn’t quite as easy as unzipping a .zip, it’s still pretty straightforward.

Using the Command Line (cmd)

If you plan to distribute and store .tar.gz files on your website, Kinsta’s managed hosting services can help make the most of your space. Where commands have little (if any) room for typos or omissions, many common errors are the result of small mistakes, misspellings, or incorrect formats. Thankfully, unless you’re somehow missing your tar or gzip utility, most common errors are very easy to fix. With the command prompt open, use the appropriate commands to change the current working directory (cd) to the location of the .tar.gz file you want to unzip.

Find out how to list, extract, and create tar.gz archives. The tar command also provides support for extracting only specific files or directories from a .tar.gz file. Simply add a space-separated list of the files you want to extract. This command will extract (-x) the file (-f) specified (in this case, filename.tar.gz) to the current directory.

That means users can download and use it for free during a trial period. Also, its trial version does not have time limitations, and users can still use it even after the trial period has expired, with occasional reminders to purchase the license. These files can be used in incremental backup strategies – where only new or modified files are added to the archive. Gzip compression reduces the overall file size, which makes it more efficient for distribution, backup, and storage purposes. It just bundles files & directories together while preserving their file structure and metadata. This means it takes all the specified files and puts them together into one container.

In this example, the user tried to extract the file titled “FILE” from filename.tar.gz. However, tar was unable to find FILE within .tar.gz, meaning that the user either misspelled the name or that the file simply doesn’t exist in filename.tar.gz. Another common cause of errors is case sensitivity, where Linux treats “FILE” and “file” as two separate entities. If you want to keep the original file after compression, there are two options. The first is the -k option, and the other uses the -c option to output the compressed file to a different file, preserving the original.

Of course, that’s not to say .tar files are some kind of “lesser” format than .zip. Rather, they both accomplish the same task (file compression) in the same way. On the other hand, Windows users can rely on third-party file archiver tools 5 factors to consider before choosing a cryptocurrency exchange like 7-zip or WinRAR to effortlessly extract files. In this guide, you will learn how to extract or unzip .tar.gz files in Linux. Knowing how to unzip a .tar.gz file allows users to extract and access the archives’ contents efficiently.

What command do I need to unzip/extract a .tar.gz file?

You can create your own compressed .tar files using compression utilities such as gzip. Gzip is one of the most popular and available options, especially since it comes built in to most Linux distributions and macOS. As we’ll see later, different compression utilities may require different methods for extracting and unzipping files. Though we’ll mostly focus on .tar.gz what is on chain withdrawal files, check out the end of the article for some quick tips on extracting .tar files in other formats. Where .zip files consist of many individually compressed files, .tar files are compressed as a single package, leaving its files uncompressed. In other words, .zip files are a collection of compressed files, while .tar files are a compressed collection of files.

Note that this command also works with other common compression formats such as .tar.bz2. Though gzip is the most common compression utility, it’s not the only one. As you might imagine, using a different compression utility on a .tar file will result in a different double extension. Some common examples include .tar.bz2 (bzip2), .tar.br (Brotli), and .tar.zst (zstd), among many others.

If you only want to see the file names, you can omit the -v option. After reading this article, you know how to extract or unzip .tar.gz file in Linux using different methods and tools. If the command line isn’t your thing, there are plenty of user-friendly tools available to unzip tar.gz files.

This simplifies file management and reduces the risk of data loss during transfers. The Ubuntu logo, often called the “Circle of Friends,” comprises three people holding hands. It signifies the strong sense of community and interconnectedness at the core of Ubuntu’s philosophy. crypto options and futures exchange for bitcoin ethereum solana and more Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. Once you choose the directory, click the Select button in the top right corner. For more information and to schedule a live demo, contact a hosting expert from Kinsta today.

As a result, we recommend sticking to free (but trustworthy) tools or simply using the command line. Canonical released its first official version of the OS, Ubuntu 4.10, codenamed ‘Warty Warthog’ in October 2004. Canonical released its first official version of the OS, Ubuntu 4.10, codenamed ‘Warty Warthog’ in October 2004. Most Linux distributions come with the tar command pre-installed by default.

This error occurs when trying to extract specific files or directories from a .tar.gz file using tar. A “.tar” file is a collection of files compressed into a single file or archive. Short for “Tape ARchive,” the name “TAR” is a throwback to when files were stored on magnetic tape drives. Whether you prefer command-line tools or graphical file archivers, the extraction process is pretty simple.

How to List Contents of .tar.gz File in Linux

Alternatively, you can also specify a source and destination file path when using the tar utility. It’s often useful to list the contents of a .tar.gz file without having to unzip the entire archive. Technical details aside, all you need to remember is that .zip files are more accessible but less space-efficient, while .tar files are less accessible but more space-efficient. As a result, one isn’t necessarily better than the other — it’s all a matter of application. Where most operating systems make it easy to extract and create .zip files, the same can’t really be said for .tar files — at least not in ways that are easy to notice.

In this article, you learned how to extract or unzip tar.gz files in Linux using the tar command and other tools. You also learned how to list the contents of a tar.gz file and how to create your own tar.gz archives. In this article, you will learn how to extract or unzip tar.gz files in Linux using the tar command and other tools. You will also learn how to list the contents of a tar.gz file and how to create your own tar.gz archives. WinRAR is a popular file compression & archive utility software. It allows users to create, view, and extract files in various archive formats, including its native .RAR format as well as other common formats like .ZIP, .7z, ISO, .TAR, and more.

Generally speaking, a collection of files archived and compressed as a .tar.gz will be more space-efficient (i.e., smaller) than the same collection compressed as a .zip. The extraction method is precisely the same for tar files that have compression, such as.tar.gz,.tar.bz2, and others. To unzip the .tar.gz files, you’ll need to use specific commands and tools depending on your operating system. Let’s explore the extraction process for both Linux & Windows platforms. People new to the .tar format usually equate it to a .zip archive, but a tar archive is not compressed.